Autism therapy for adults is an important part of helping people with autism to develop the skills they need to be more independent. It can help with a wide range of issues, including social skills, behavioral problems, and communication difficulties. There are several types of therapy for people with autism, each one tailored to the needs of the individual.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, is a type of talk therapy that can be useful for children and adults with autism. It teaches individuals to identify the thoughts and feelings that can trigger negative behaviors, and learn how to control them.
Occupational therapy, or OT, can also be helpful for people with autism. OT helps with fine motor and gross motor skills, as well as self-care and independent living skills. It may include teaching how to use adaptive equipment, such as wheelchairs or walkers. It also can help with coping with sensory overload, such as hearing or seeing things that are too loud or too bright.
Sensory integration therapy, or SIT, can help people with autism process sensory input better. Usually performed by an occupational therapist, SIT uses play to help people with autism learn to manage their senses more effectively.
Speech and language therapy, or SLAT, can help people with autism improve their verbal skills. This can include teaching how to speak and understand others’ speech and overcoming speech problems, such as stuttering. SLAT also can help people with autism who are having trouble understanding the emotions of others.
ABA, or applied behavior analysis, is another popular therapy for children and adults with autism. This therapy involves a rewards system to encourage positive behaviors. It can be done in a classroom setting or in the home.
Medication, or pharmacotherapy, is often used to control certain symptoms of autism. It can include antidepressants and stimulants. It can also include medications that address sleep disturbance or other behaviors associated with autism.
Alternative therapies, or CAM, are also sometimes used. These might include special diets, herbal supplements, chiropractic care, animal therapy, arts therapy, or mindfulness or relaxation therapies. These aren’t always proven to be effective, and they should be treated with caution.
Chelation therapy, or chelation, is a treatment that claims to remove toxins from the body. It can be a dangerous alternative therapy, though, so it’s important to work with a doctor before trying it.
Yoga can be beneficial for some people with autism, especially if it’s a gentle form of exercise. It can help people with autism relax, improve their sleep, and reduce stress. It may also be helpful for anxiety and depression.
Other types of treatments can be helpful for people with autism, such as behavioral support and educational techniques. These can be taught in a classroom or by a therapist in the home.
OT can also help people with autism who have a variety of physical disabilities. It can help them improve their fine or gross motor skills, as well as handwriting and self-care skills. It can also teach people with autism how to adapt to different environments and make changes in their daily routines.